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Arisaka Type-99
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Arisaka Type-99


   The Arisaka series of rifles were developed for the Imperial Japanese Military by Colonel Nariakira Arisaka, whom was later promoted to Lieutenant General and finally in 1907 Emperor Meiji gave him the title of Baron. He soon died in 1915,one year into the first World War. The Arisaka rifle was in Japanese Military service from 1898 to 1945. The Japanese Imperial Army sought a more effective cartridge as well as a more effective rifle to replace their 6.5x50mm chambered Arisaka Type-38. The answer was a new rifle, a more efficient and a more reliable weapon chambered in the 7.7x58mm cartridge this rifle which entered service in 1939 was designated the Arisaka Type-99. Four variants of the Type-99 were made. The Type-99 Short Rifle, The Type-99 Long Rifle, The Type-2 Paratrooper's Rifle, and The Type-99 Sniper Rifle. It had been intended for the Arisaka Type-99 to completely replace the Type-38, but due to the quick and sudden outbreak of war in the Pacific both the Type-38 and the Type-99 served from the start of hostilities in 1939 to the very end in 1945. After the dropping of both atomic bombs on Japan, a surrender was signed on board the U.S.S. Missouri in Tokyo Bay, the very Bay which would soon claim all remaining Japanese Military equipment, Arisaka Rifles included. The Arisaka Type-99 had a slot for bayonet attachment device on the bottom of the forward barrel ring. A lot of Arisaka Type-99's as well as Type-38's were brought back as souvenir's by returning U.S. G.I.'s. My Arisaka Type-99 is a family airloom which came to the U.S. in my dad's ruck sack after an on-boat trade with another soldier. My Arisaka Type-99 was produced at the famed Nagoya Arsenal. My Model doesn't have a cleaning rod. Other rifles that accompanied it in that ruck sack were an M-1 Garand, Yugoslavian M48 Mauser, and a German Lugar Pistole, all three of which were sold by him before he died in 1996. My Type-99 has had the mum ground off and is a mid-war model without the dust cover, A A sights, or Oval bolt, but has great rifling and is not one of the sloppy late war last ditch models that sale for around $175 in most American pawnshops these days, but only when they can be found.
What Is The Mum???
The mum was a 16-petal chrysanthemum that was the symbol of the Emperor. When the Japanese forces were told to prepare to surrender to the Allies one of their last tasks was to take every rifle and ground the mum off of the reciever as to prevent dishonoring the emperor and his family, some rifles captured before the surrender escaped with the mum intact, they are worth more than de-mummed rifles. If you plan on getting a Japanese Rifle, get it now while you can they are only getting more scarce and more expensive. The PICTURE on this page is of MY Arisaka Type-99, my cat decided to help himself into the shot, so I left because I thought it was a great shot so I decided to share it with the rest of the world, lol. Below is a table with the Arisaka Type-99's specifications etc. in it.

Nation of Origin:
Bolt-Action Battle Rifle
Time In Service:


Year of Design:


Number of Variants:


War's Used In:

Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II, and Vietnam

Primarily Used By:

Imperial Japanese Army

Years of Production:

3 Feet, 9 Inches

Barrel Length:
2 Feet, 3 Inches


10 Pounds, 4 oz.




7 mm


7.7 x 58 mm
Feed System:
5-Round Internal Box Magazine, Loaded by 5-Round Stripper Clips From the Top

Muzzle Velocity:

2, 400 Feet Per Second (Rounded Off from 2, 395 FPS)